Children and young people

Includes a report from London Funders recent meeting exploring future provision for children and young people's services

London Funders' Publications


Meeting the needs of children living with domestic violence in London

(2012) Report of a joint event with The City Bridge Trust for funders to explore the implications of a report from Refuge and the NSPCC showing that the needs of children and young people living with domestic violence are still overlooked.

Download the event report here


Less than the price of a first class stamp? 

(2011) Report from our recent members meeting exploring future provision of services for children and young people.

Download the report here


It's child's play
(2010) Summary of a conference organised by London Borough of Tower Hamlets and London Play, looking at monitoring and evaluation expectations and practice, especially in relation to the funding of children’s play.

What would make London better for young people?
(2008) Meeting of funders at a time of concern about guns, gangs and knife crime.

Child poverty in London
A Child Poverty Action Group website page offers key facts about child poverty in London, and information on CPAG’s London campaigns work (funded by Trust for London).

External Publications

Camden Employment and Childcare Conference Report
Child Poverty Action Group, London Borough of Camden, Timewise Foundation

Camden’s Employment and Childcare Conference was held on 13 September 2013 (report here) and sought to start a debate – both local and national – on maternal employment, flexible working and the need for affordable, high quality childcare. This report which explores the scope for local authorities to provide further investment in childcare and other services which support parents into work. The conference also saw Camden formally announce its intention to become the country’s first Timewise Council as part of its work to help mothers balance work with childcare. This will form part of wider plans to create pathways for women into work, reduce inequality and show how flexibility works for employers and employees alike.

Care leavers’ transition to adulthood
House of Commons Committee of Public Accounts (October 2015)
The report says there has been a systemic failing in the provision of support to vulnerable care leavers. The quality and cost of support that local authorities give to care leavers varies unacceptably across the country and outcomes for young people leaving care are poor and worsening.
Ofsted’s inspections have found that two-thirds of local authorities’ care leaver services are inadequate or require improvement and there is no clear relationship between the amount spent and the quality of service. In 2013–14, 41% of 19-year-old care leavers were not in education, employment or training (NEET) compared with 15% of all 19-year-olds. The report sets out a series of recommendations for improvement.

Centre Forum Commission on Children and Young People’s Mental Health: State of the Nation
CentreForum (April 2016)
The report identifies that children and young people with mental health problems are still not getting the right treatment.

Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: Understanding Risk and Vulnerability
Early Intervention Foundation, August 2016
The Early Intervention Foundation has published a rapid evidence assessment on risk indicators for child sexual abuse (CSA) and child sexual exploitation (CSE). This was commissioned by the Home Office and carried out by Coventry University. Key findings include: being a victim of sexual abuse, being a victim of other forms of abuse and neglect, and having atypical sexual interests or fantasies were indicators of increased risk of becoming a perpetrator although it is important to note that these indicators do not cause somebody to become a perpetrator; being disabled and being in residential care were strongly evidenced indicators of increased risk of becoming a victim.

Childcare and early years survey of parents 2012-2013
Department for Education, January 2014
Report providing the main findings of the November 2012 to June 2013 survey from the childcare and early years survey of parents series. This survey aims to provide up-to-date and accurate information on parents’ childcare arrangements, their views of particular childcare providers and childcare provision in general. The survey found that 78% of all families in England with children aged 0 to 14 had used some form of childcare during their most recent term-time week, with 63% of these using formal childcare and early years provision.

Children’s mental health: new online resources for adults
Department of Health (February 2016)
In an article, Minister of State for Community and Social Care, Alistair Burt, outlines why adults should talk to children and young people about mental health and introduces new online resources.

National Audit Office, October 2016
The Department for Education recognised since 2010 that child protection services are not good enough but its subsequent response has not yet resulted in better outcomes. Spending on children’s social work, including on child protection, varies widely across England and is not related to quality. Neither the DfE nor authorities understand why spending varies.
The Department faces significant challenges in transforming children’s services, not least how to integrate this with a concurrent transformation of its wider operations by the end of 2017. It is critical that the Department learns from good practice and mistakes elsewhere in government. For example, the Youth Justice Board made improvements to the youth justice system which have led to reductions in recorded youth crime.

Children in London: the extra cost
Child Poverty Action Group (September 2015)
A report funded by Trust for London finds that parents in London face much higher costs than parents elsewhere in terms of paying for a family home and for childcare. However, transport costs are cheaper and other costs are not significantly different. 

Commissioning Snapshot: Looking at youth service commissioning across London
The Centre for Youth Impact (May 2016)
Based on interviews with 22 different local authorities, this report looks at new approaches to youth service delivery and patterns in commissioning practice

The cost of a child in 2014
Child Poverty Action Group (August 2014)
In these difficult years, families have become less able to afford an adequate living standard, as the cost of bringing up a child has risen much faster than earnings, while help from the state to cover these costs has shrunk. In 2012, the Child Poverty Action Group and the Joseph Rowntree Foundation supported a study developing a systematic calculation of the cost of a child.1 This report is the second annual update of that calculation, and also assesses the changing relationship between the cost of a child and the wages and benefits of families on low incomes. This year’s report also considers some of the key drivers pushing up the cost of living for families.

Demon Drink? A Study of Alcohol and Youth Offending in London
Mentor and Alcohol Concern (December 2013)
The report by Mentor and Alcohol Concern looks at young offenders in London and their attitudes to alcohol and other risky behaviours. The 12-month study confirms strong links between alcohol misuse, mental health issues, and educational disengagement. The findings suggest that young people think alcohol is more harmful than cannabis and more action is needed to help them understand the negative effects alcohol can have on their decision making. The report was funded by Trust for London.

Does money affect children’s outcomes?
Kerris Cooper and Kitty Stewart (2013)
This Joseph Rowntree Foundation publication looks at how children in low-income households do less well than their better-off peers on many outcomes in life, such as education or health, simply because they are poorer.

Early intervention: a guide for frontline police and PCSOs
Early Intervention Foundation (November 2015)
The aim of this guide is to shift spending, action and support for children and families from late to early intervention. It provides information about how to engage effectively with young people, families and communities in order to spot potential problems. It discusses the action the police can take as well as drawing on support from other agencies. It includes links to the evidence base behind early intervention.

Education, education, mental health: supporting secondary schools to play a central role in early intervention mental health services
IPPR (May 2016)
This report examines why schools are facing a perfect storm and makes the case for putting secondary schools at the heart of early intervention provision for children and young people with emerging, low-level mental health problems.

Early years intervention - the economic case 
GLA Economics has analysed the economic case for early years intervention to address health inequalities in London, reporting that it can provide high returns on investment for individuals and society, ie it is economically efficient for young Londoners’ future life chances and meets the economic growth needs of London, the region with the highest rates of child poverty. 

Ending gang violence and exploitation
Home Office (January 2016)
This document sets out the six priorities of the new cross-government approach to ending gang violence and exploitation. In particular, it is aimed at local areas that were involved in the Home Office ending gang and youth violence (EGYV) programme. The refreshed approach responds to the needs identified by the EGYV frontline team and its partners.

Family Friendly London: Manifesto for the next Mayor of London
Trust for London (December 2015)
Two hundred thousand more London children could be tipped into poverty by 2020 unless action is taken on key areas like jobs, childcare and housing, warns a coalition of leading charities. Up to half the extra 200,000 will be in a working household, according to this report.

An evaluation of approaches to commissioning young people's services
A new report published by Ofsted argues that local authorities are giving ‘insufficient consideration’ to the voluntary sector when commissioning services for young people.

Condition of Britain briefing 2: Growing up and becoming an adult
Kayte Lawton (November 2013)
This second briefing paper to be published as part of IPPR’ s Condition of Britain programme focuses on young people in their teens and early twenties. This phase of life has become, for many, more difficult and insecure in recent decades, and in this paper we consider the societal shifts that have made today’s young people less able to rely on support from stable families, clear routes into work, and opportunities to put down roots by buying a home of their own.

Cost of a Child
Donald Hirsch, Liz Sutton and Jacqueline Beckhelling, Child Poverty Action Group, 2012
New research and analysis of how much it costs families to provide children with a decent minimum standard shows that the cost of children has been rising faster than inflation with childcare costs playing a large part. 

The development of Project Oracle
Nesta and Mayor of London, 2012
This paper examines why "many services are unable or unwilling to measure the improvements they make in outcomes for young people” and explains how Project Oracle is remedying this in London by linking youth programmes with academically rigorous and internationally recognised standards of evidence to improve consistency and quality in understanding what does and does not work. Small and large projects are signing up to make use of Project Oracle’s resources. This paper is a summary of the need and the context for Project Oracle, and its experience so far.

Environmental inequalities and their impact on the health outcomes of children and young people
National Children’s Bureau, 2012
Summary of key evidence and policy developments in environmental inequality and its impact on children and young people’s health, with analysis of the policy levers for tackling this impact. A tool for local and national work to promote health equality, it covers access to green space, housing, fuel poverty, transport and school environment. 

Framework of outcomes for young people
Young Foundation for the Catalyst consortium, 2012
Key challenges in measuring impact on the lives of young. It aims to support providers to develop evidence of their impact, and commissioners to focus on commissioning for sustained personal and social development. The framework is being piloted with three organisations, including London Youth. Download a full matrix of tools for measuring outcomes here. Download a Power Point presentation Moving to an Outcomes Framework for the Youth Sector here.

Funder collaboration – Fear and Fashion
Independent evaluation of this a major collaborative initiative to understand and devise practical responses to the problem of knife crime involving young people. Supported by five grantmaking foundations - The City Bridge Trust, Esmée Fairbairn Foundation, John Lyon’s Charity, Trust for London and The Wates Foundation - it funded four projects to deliver work with young people and the evaluation identifies some significant achievements.

Growing interest? Mapping the market for social finance in the youth sector
Young Foundation for the Catalyst consortium, 2012
Argues for the creation of a dedicated social finance retailer for the youth sector to offer a range of financial and non-financial products, with three priority recommendations: that organisations need to provide evidence of their impact, create new ways to collaborate and think through their business models. 

A report from London Youth on how young people become good adults. The report identifies youth work, where young people benefit from trusting relationships with reliable adults, a positive peer group and the chance to learn from a range of new opportunities, as having fallen from fashion at precisely the time when it is needed most.
The Jet Pack: A Guide To Using The Journey To Employment Framework
Angela Kail, Dawn Plimmer, Eibhlin Ni Ogain, Ellen Harries (December 2013)
This NPC report follows the Journey to EmploymenT (JET) framework published in May 2013 which identified factors that influence young peoples’ transition into work, presenting the evidence base for these and suggesting potential evaluation tools. The JET Pack is an eight-step guide designed to help organisations implement the framework – identifying what to measure, deciding how and when to measure, and using the resulting data to learn and improve.

Lightning review: access to Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services
Children’s Commissioner (May 2016)
Children and young people are not receiving the help they require with 28% of young people referred to CAMHS not being allocated a service. Many are waiting a long time and there is a wide variation in service provision across the country.
Centre for London has recently published a report which says that young Londoners face a 'poverty penalty' when applying to universities but some schools and boroughs are bucking the trend.The report finds that there doesn't have to be a barrier to higher education and argues that, in a weakened economy, the need for high skills for all is paramount.
London childcare report
Jill Rutter and Ben Evans, Daycare Trust, 2012
In-depth analysis of the growing childcare crisis in London and policy recommendations. Summary here.

Looked after children in London
London Councils, 2013
The factors influencing the reduction of numbers of looked after children in London. Department for Education figures indicate that the number of children looked after by local authorities has been rising steadily across England in recent years, but decreasing in London. 

National Citizen Service 2014 Evaluation

Ipsos MORI (December 2015)

The Cabinet Office commissioned Ipsos Mori to evaluate the spring, summer and autumn programmes of National Citizen Service (NCS) 2014. It calculates that it may not have achieved a return on investment of more than the basic cost in both the spring and autumn programmes.

Make NEETS History in 2014
Impetus, January 2014
This report investigates which Millennium kids are most at-risk of becoming NEET, the impact of being NEET on a young person’s prospects and the cost to society, and what actions educational and policy leaders should take now to address the NEET issue

Making it matter: improving the health of young homeless people
Depaul UK, 2012
A new report finds that young homeless people have poorer health than their peers, are more likely to use emergency health services and face considerable barriers in accessing the care they need. Depaul has also put together this video highlighting some of the key findings.
GLAIntelligence Unit, 2012
A compact description of the various ways in which poverty is defined and measured with a commentary on the strengths and weaknesses of each. The measures covered are: relative poverty, absolute poverty, persistent poverty, material deprivation, low income and material deprivation, income deprivation affecting children index, HMRC child poverty measure, free school meals, and children in workless households.

Mental health and well-being of looked-after children
House of Commons Education Committee (April 2016)
The report concludes that Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) are turning away vulnerable young people in care because they have not met high thresholds for treatment or because the children are without a stable placement.


National Citizen Service, National Audit Office (January 2017)

Having shown that the concept of a national citizen service has something to offer young people, to demonstrate value for money the OCS and the Trust now need to show they can grow NCS as intended and run it at a more affordable cost to the taxpayer.

Download here

No Child Left Behind: The Challenge for the Next Mayor
4in10 (March 2016)
This research report looks at the current Mayor’s record for children and families in London on child poverty, housing, childcare, transport, working families, health and schools over his two terms. It also makes recommendations for a new Mayor in tackling child poverty, drawn from extensive discussion with the sector, including our members.
Young Women’s Foundation, September 2016
No Country for Young Women, reveals a generation of young people despairing and anxious, many of whose lives are on hold because of serious financial, work and housing problems - with young women hit hardest.
No more NEETs: A plan for all young people to be learning or earning
Graeme Cooke (November 2013)
This IPPR paper for the Condition of Britain programme sets out a strategy for radically increasing the proportion of young people who are learning or earning, by fixing the broken school-to-work transition system and establishing a distinct work, training and benefits track for those aged 18–24. This approach is underpinned by two new initiatives: a youth allowance, to keep young people out of the adult welfare system, and a youth guarantee, to ensure they stay in touch with the labour market.
No place to call home: The social impacts of housing undersupply on young people
Jenny Pennington with Graeme Cooke, Dalia Ben-Galim, December 2012
This report explores the social impacts of the undersupply of housing on young people, in areas such as life aspirations, starting a family, professional ambitions, relationships with parents and partners, security and control, and community belonging.
Nowhere to turn? Changes to emergency support
Sam Royston and Laura Rodrigues, (2013)
This report from the Children’s Society compares local policies after the localisation of the social fund. They also help users to find their local scheme through a tool on their website.

Overlooked and left behind: improving the transition from school to work for the majority of young people
Select Committee on Social Mobility, House of Lords (April 2016)
53% of young people do not follow the ‘traditional’ academic route into work. This majority of young people are significantly overlooked in their transition for work by the education system and the focus on apprenticeships is not suitable for everyone.

Picking up the pieces: domestic violence and child contact
Rights of Women and CWASU, 2012
A report based on the experience of women and legal professionals in London, of the law, policy and practice in child contact proceedings involving women and their violent ex-partners. Case studies, quotes and statistical data combine to show how far the system still fails to respond appropriately to domestic violence, with three-quarters of women concerned for their safety while attending court and just over half representing themselves in court proceedings.
Picking up the Pieces: Results of a survey on the state of young people’s advice, counselling and support services
James Kenrick (November 2013)
This report presents the results of the fifth annual survey of the state of the youth information, advice, counselling and support services sector have been produced by Youth Access and the Young People's Health Partnership. It reveals increasing reliance on voluntary sector youth support services to fill gaps created by crumbling statutory services.

Preventing gang and youth violence
The Early Intervention Foundation (November 2015)
The Early Intervention Foundation has been working with the Home Office to produce a series of reports with the aim of helping local areas make more informed decisions about how best to identify those children and young people who may be at risk of involvement in gangs or youth violence. It is also looking at what types of programmes or interventions appear to work or not to work in preventing involvement in gangs and youth violence.

Problem Oriented Partnerships
London Councils (November 2015)
This briefing discusses local authorities’ role in Problem Oriented Partnerships and provides details of the winners of the 2015 POP Awards.

Project Oracle: new resources
This is the Mayor’s programme for “understanding and sharing what really works” in preventing youth crime and in improving the lives of children and young people in London. The Project Oracle website is now live. Funders as well as providers and advisers are encouraged to register on the site. Effort has been made to keep the functionality simple with the potential to develop further.
Pupil Premium polling 2016
The Sutton Trust (June 2016)
A survey of 1,607 teachers on their use of the Pupil Premium shows a small, but growing, number of schools are using their funding for disadvantaged pupils to offset budget cuts elsewhere.
The relationship between poverty, child abuse and neglect: an evidence review
Joseph Rowntree Foundation (March 2016)
This report outlines UK and international evidence about the association between family poverty and child abuse and neglect. It also details the evidence about the costs of child abuse and neglect, strengths and weaknesses in the evidence base and implications for policy-making.

Rethinking children’s services: Fit for the future?
Catch 22 and the National Children’s Bureau (April 2016)

Recommendations include empowering young people and families to be active agents in their own solutions and the creation of a collaborative system that allows local authorities and third sector organisations to systematically share best practice and evidence in a coordinated way.

Shaping the future: Getting the best for Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic Children and Young People - Seminar series report
ROTA, December 2013
Between November 2011 and October 2013 ROTA delivered the Shaping the Future seminar series, which considered some of the main challenges facing London’s Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) children and young people and their families, following a difficult economic period and wide-spread policy reforms and public spending cuts. This final report provides an overview of the seminars and summarises the broad ranging discussions that took place along with the solutions posed by participants to some of the key challenges identified.

School Report: How can charities work best in the school system
New Philanthropy Capital (April 2016)
The report discusses the role of charities within the school system in England, identifying areas where charities can improve educational, emotional and social outcomes for children and young people.

Silent voices: supporting children and young people affected by parental alcohol misuse
Children’s Commissioner, 2012
Key findings and themes from a Rapid Evidence Assessment on parental alcohol misuse. It describes the scale and nature of the problem for children, outlines the need for earlier intervention and support from children's social care services and is aimed at policy makers and those who commission and provide local services.

State of Children’s Rights in England
Children’s Rights Alliance for England (November 2014)
Children in England are experiencing the hard edge of austerity, with mounting threats to their basic human rights, according to The State of Children’s Rights in England report by the Children’s Rights Alliance for England (CRAE). The cumulative impact of cuts to services, the cost of living crisis, and changes to the welfare system, means some children in England are not having their basic needs for shelter and food met and can’t access the services which are supposed to support families, while many more are not able to enjoy a fulfilled and happy childhood.

States of uncertainty: Youth unemployment in Europe
Spencer Thompson (November 2013)
Using new statistical analysis of the youth unemployment picture across Europe, this report assesses the different roles played by education and training, business behaviour and labour market institutions in young people’s transitions from compulsory schooling to suitable employment.

Tackling childcare affordability in London
The London Assembly Health and Public Services Committee, 2012
The results of an investigation into childcare highlights the particular problems Londoners face in affording childcare which costs up to three times more in London than the rest of the country. Local authority budget cuts are also affecting this, with reductions in the number of hours of free early education available and closure of children’s centres. The report calls for action from the government including re-weighting grants for local authorities to cover 15 hours of free nursery education for three and four-year-olds to factor in local costs. Read the report and its recommendations in full here

A paper is based on research commissioned in 2010 by London Councils from London Metropolitan University to help officers and practitioners understand the characteristics of gangs and street groups in London. 
NPC applies the principles of economic analysis to three projects using sport to tackle youth crime in different ways. Commissioned by the Laureus Sport for Good Foundation, the report explores the case for investment in high quality, well-run sports projects as a possible “hook” to engage young people in wider programmes of education and support.
The UK’s youth services: how cuts are removing opportunities for young people and damaging their lives
Unison (August 2014)
UNISON’s research, based on data provided in response to a Freedom of Information request from 168 local authorities across the UK, shows that youth services lost at least £60 million of funding between 2012 and 2014. The report finds that more than 2000 jobs have been lost in that period; around 350 youth centres have closed as a result of the cuts; 41,000 youth service places for young people have been cut; and at least 35,000 hours of outreach work by youth workers have been removed.

Using Quality Principles in work for, by and with children and young people
Arts Council (October 2015)
This report marks the end of an important stage in a unique project which has developed over the past four years. The original research into Quality Principles (QPs) for arts and culture for, by, and with children and young people has been transformed from a discreet research exploration, into real-world practice on a significant scale. 

Visual report on vital youth statistics
From Clinks Light Lunch: NCVYS have published a two-page infographic  style 'Youth Report' giving a snapshot of data and statistics about young people and youth services, such as local authority spending, how many young people vote and volunteer.

What works to enhance inter-parental relationships and improve outcomes for children
Department for Work and Pensions (March 2016)
The Early Intervention Foundation has carried out a review of interventions to reduce parental conflict and the impact it has on children. It also looks at the potential economic and fiscal benefits of improved inter-parental relationships

Working together to amplify the voice of young people in Birmingham 2016
Birmingham City Council (April 2016)
This is a document based on consultations with young people in the city over the last year. It sets out a vision for organisations in Birmingham to engage young people in decisions.

Young People Count- Partnership for Young London, December 2016

Drawn from official figures, such as the Office of National Statistics, and independent research by community and voluntary organisations, it covers the subjects of; health, youth employment, housing, crime, education, participation, and poverty.

The challenges that young people face are numerous, and interlinked, and are not easily addressed in isolation. Yet one thing is clear: young people are at a disadvantage compared to the rest of the population on almost every area.

Download here