Employment

Resources and publications about employment

External publications

A fairer London: the 2015 Living Wage in London
GLA Economics (November 2015)
The eleventh London Living Wage report from the GLA calculates the wage for 2015 at £9.40 per hour (a 2.7% increase on the 2014 wage).

In the Mayor’s ‘2020 Vision’ for London he pledged to make the Living Wage the norm across the capital. There are now 700 accredited London Living Wage employers plus a number who have chosen not to be accredited. Accredited Living Wage employers alone have now provided over 30,000 London workers the benefits of the Living Wage since 2011.

The Aspiration Tax: How our social security system holds back low-paid workers
The Equality Trust (February 2016)
Britain’s poorest working parents lose more of their earnings through taxes and social security withdrawal than the richest 1%, and should be allowed to keep more of the money they earn, argues this report. 

Beyond the bottom line: The challenges and opportunities of a living wage
Kayte Lawton, Matthew Pennycook, January 2014
This report from IPPR and the Resolution Foundation provides significant new detail on the value, costs and impacts of the living wage, for employees and employers alike.

Camden Employment and Childcare Conference Report
Child Poverty Action Group, London Borough of Camden, Timewise Foundation
Camden’s Employment and Childcare Conference was held on 13 September 2013 (report here) and sought to start a debate – both local and national – on maternal employment, flexible working and the need for affordable, high quality childcare. This report which explores the scope for local authorities to provide further investment in childcare and other services which support parents into work. The conference also saw Camden formally announce its intention to become the country’s first Timewise Council as part of its work to help mothers balance work with childcare. This will form part of wider plans to create pathways for women into work, reduce inequality and show how flexibility works for employers and employees alike.

The changing spatial nature of business and employment in London
GLA Economics (February 2016)
This report finds that, overall, London has been a net contributor of firms and employment to the rest of the UK economy through outward migration (that is, over the time period considered, more businesses have migrated out of London than have migrated into London from the rest of the UK). 

Employment support for high wage economy
Joseph Rowntree Foundation and Social Market Foundation (November 
This report demonstrates that the current system of employment support fails to help those furthest from finding work and those caught in a low-pay, no-pay cycle. It proposes a blueprint for delivering welfare savings through a more ambitious system. Radical reform of Jobcentre Plus is also recommended.

Ensuring employers comply with National Minimum Wage regulations
National Audit Office (May 2016)
The report sets out the Government’s compliance programme reflecting the changing risks within the labour market.

Escape Plan: Understanding who progresses from low pay and who gets stuck
Social Mobility and Child Poverty Commission (November 2014)

Research from the Social Mobility and Child Poverty Commission into the progression of low paid workers used official data sets to track low paid workers over the course of the last decade in order to determine how far up the earnings ladder they climbed and the factors that helped or hindered their pay progression.

A Fairer London: The 2014 Living Wage in London
GLA (November 2014)

The 10th London Living Wage report from the GLA calculates the wage for 2014 at £9.15 per hour (a 4.0% increase on the 2013 wage). The total of accredited London employers has more than doubled in the past year to over 400.

The Jet Pack: A Guide To Using The Journey To Employment Framework
Angela Kail, Dawn Plimmer, Eibhlin Ni Ogain, Ellen Harries (December 2013)
This NPC report follows the Journey to EmploymenT (JET) framework published in May 2013 which identified factors that influence young peoples’ transition into work, presenting the evidence base for these and suggesting potential evaluation tools. The JET Pack is an eight-step guide designed to help organisations implement the framework – identifying what to measure, deciding how and when to measure, and using the resulting data to learn and improve.

Jobs and skills in London: Building a more responsive skills system in the capital
IPPR (April 2016)

The skills system in London could and should do more to ensure that Londoners have the best possible chance to enter employment and progress in work.

London Rising: The Case For A London Minimum Wage
Kitty Ussher (November 2013)
This report sets out that there is good reason to think that a minimum wage that works for the rest of the country doesn’t work for the capital. London Rising applies the methodology used to determine the national minimum wage to the London economy. It finds that the distinctive structure of the London economy means that the capital could bear a higher statutory minimum wage than the rest of the country. The report argues that the Low Pay Commission should be required to recommend a London minimum wage in addition to a national one, with the power to set a London rate given to the Mayor.

Make NEETS History in 2014
Impetus, January 2014
This report investigates which Millennium kids are most at-risk of becoming NEET, the impact of being NEET on a young person’s prospects and the cost to society, and what actions educational and policy leaders should take now to address the NEET issue

Performance of GLA Economics' employment projections
Melisa Wickham, January 2014
GLA Economics provides expert advice and analysis on London’s economy and the economic issues facing the capital. This is their latest publication.

Public and private sector pay: 2013 update
Matthew Oakley, Policy Exchange (2013)
This paper analyses the most recent Labour Force Survey data (January-March 2013) and reveals that there is still a gap between public sector and private sector pay, varying dramatically from region to region. The paper recommends abolishing national pay deals and moving to a system which can reflect local labour markets and reward performance. It also urges the government to push ahead with its plans to remove automatic pay uplifts across the public sector.

Stepping Stones: The role of the voluntary sector in future welfare to work schemes
NCVO
This report calls for a major overhaul of how welfare to work schemes are designed and paid for. It argues that the Work Programme is failing many people with complex or multiple needs and is underutilising the skills and expertise of the charity sector. The author believes that people’s needs would be better met by a co-designed, locally-led service delivery approach based on smaller contracts and flexible payment models, including recognition of milestones towards employment. Therefore, if implemented, these recommendations would allow charities to play a fuller role in future welfare to work programmes.

Support For Settle For Nothing Less: Enhancing National Minimum Wage Compliance And Enforcement
Andy Hull (December 2013)
Centre for London and Trust for London looks at enforcement of the national minimum wage and sets out a new agenda for improving compliance in London and beyond.

Work in progress: Low pay and progression in London and the UK
Tony Wilson , Laura Gardiner, Kris Krasnowski, (2013)
This report, commissioned by Trust for London from the Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion looks at analysis on low pay and progression at work, finding that around one third of low-paid workers see their wagers increase by less than the national average.