Poverty and exclusion

Includes London's Poverty Profile (2011) and Another side of London (2010)...

 

Publications
 

Addressing poverty through local governance
Neil McInroy et al (2013)
How procurement, co-production and other ‘place-based mechanisms’ can be used to address poverty

Another side of London
London Community Foundation, 2010
Case studies based on interviews with ten of the Foundation’s grant recipients, providing readable and vivid insights into the work they do with some of London’s most vulnerable people, and also some of the organisational challenges they face. Interspersed are ten ideas on how donors and volunteers can get involved with LCF.

Demos, September 2016
This report explores the persistent challenge of financial exclusion in the UK.
Despite the efforts of successive governments over the last decade, millions of people across the country have limited access to financial services. Financial exclusion in the UK ranges from the extreme end – the 1.5 million adults who do not have a bank account and those whose credit history cuts them off from affordable sources of credit – to those who lack practical money management skills and financial knowledge, and are thus unable to track their income and outgoings, or build up a savings buffer to cope with financial shocks.

The Guardian: Bedroom Tax
Randeep Ramesh
This Guardian article describes how half the families hit by the bedroom tax are now in debt and looks at a survey by the National Housing Federation.

Beyond beans: Food banks in the UK
David Bull, Ellen Harries (2013)
This white paper includes facts, figures and comments both for and against food banks.

Beyond the food bank: London Food Poverty Profile 2015
Sustain (October 2015)
A report on food poverty looks at what local authorities are doing to help the most vulnerable access good food. It shows that 10 London boroughs no longer offer meals on wheels and over half a million children in London will struggle for food during school holidays. 

Brexit vote explained: poverty, low skills and lack of opportunities
Joseph Rowntree Foundation, August 2016
Devoting specific attention to data on the roles of poverty, place and individual characteristics driving the leave vote, this report shows how Britain was divided along economic, educational and social lines.

In the aftermath of the vote few studies have considered both individual and area-level drivers of the vote to leave the EU. This report reviews existing research, examines new data and considers implications for the wider debate.

Bricks or benefits
Shelter, 2012
A report which weighs the pros and cons of tackling housing demand and affordability through more housing provision as against the housing benefit budget. Full reportExecutive summary.

Briefing Paper 113: Patterns of social capital, voluntary activity and area deprivation in England
Andrew McCulloch, John Mohan, and Peter Smith (October 2013)
Researchers have studied data from the 2005 and 2007 Citizenship Surveys to map the broad differences in levels of voluntary and social capital between 90 different types of place in England characterised by their regional location and level of deprivation. The briefing paper considers whether voluntarism can produce improved outcomes for individuals and communities in their paper on ‘Patterns of social capital, voluntary activity and area deprivation in England’.

Capital of debt: an update
London Health Forum, 2010
The interaction in London of debt and health, and especially mental health. Despite better than expected economic conditions, the number of Londoners seeking debt advice is rising sharply. Slides available here.

Counting the cost of UK poverty 
Joseph Rowntree Foundation, August 2016

This report estimates the more tangible cost that poverty brings to society, specifically in the form of the cost to the public purse.

It illustrates the magnitude of the cost of poverty in order to show the kinds of savings that a sustained reduction in poverty could bring. It also looks at some longer-term consequences of poverty to the Treasury, in terms of reduced revenues and increased benefit payments to people whose earnings potential will be damaged in the future by the experience of poverty today.

Child poverty in London
A Child Poverty Action Group website page offers key facts about child poverty in London, and information on CPAG’s London campaigns work (funded by Trust for London).

The Chrysalis Project
A joint initiative between Commonweal Housing, St Mungo’s and Lambeth Council which provides high-quality accommodation and support for homeless women involved in street prostitution in South London. There are three phases of accommodation in the project; each phase offers support tailored to clients at different stages of recovery and together they offer a clear progression route towards independence.

Fiona Mactaggart; Commonweal Chair comments “Expecting people to fly straight after they have been supported in a hostel is condemning some of them to fail. So I think [it’s worth] finding something where you can maybe have learned to walk in the hostel, can maybe run in a flat with a bit of support, before being expected to fly out on your own.”

Closing the Gap - a guide to inequality in the capital
London Voluntary Service Council (LVSC) and Trust for London, 2010
Short and powerful point of reference on some of the key facts and figures on London’s shocking levels of inequality, including case studies of voluntary organisations working on the issues. Among the findings are that 20% of Londoners earned less than the living wage, and 40% of BME Londoners live in low income households compared with 20% of white Londoners.

Costs and benefits of a living wage
Queen Mary, University of London, commissioned by Trust for London, 2012
Independent research shows there are significant benefits from paying a living wage, especially in reducing staff leaving rates considerably. The research identifies savings to employers, benefits in increased disposable incomes in some of the poorest households and greater well-being in living wage workplaces.

Cost of a Child
Donald Hirsch, Liz Sutton and Jacqueline Beckhelling, Child Poverty Action Group, 2012
New research and analysis of how much it costs families to provide children with a decent minimum standard shows that the cost of children has been rising faster than inflation with childcare costs playing a large part. 

Councils face a difficult task in replacing Council Tax Benefit
Institute for Fiscal Studies and Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2012
Key findings of this report suggest localisation acts as a tool for furthering the governments’ aims of allowing support to vary in line with local priorities, but also give councils an incentive to discourage low-income families from living in the area and act as a disincentive to take-up of support.

Credit and debt in low-income families
Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2010
Summary report on types of debt, triggers for debt and how people coped, over a period from May 2008 to June 2009. Information for policymakers, credit providers and advice services, to help them reduce the numbers of over-indebted people and to support those who experience financial crisis.

Current Issues Note 34: A summary assessment of fuel poverty in London in 2009 and scenarios to 2013
GLAEconomics, 2011
The current state of fuel poverty in London. The Note contends that the current, official DECC measure for fuel poverty (using ‘full income’) underestimates the incidence of fuel poverty in London due to the inclusion of housing-related benefits as income under that measure.

Data on debt in London
GLA Datastore, 2013
Maps from data gathered by Capitalise, CCCS and Citizens Advice combining information on debt advice clients, each broken down by borough and mapping age, ethnicity and other characteristics, for 2010-11 and 2011-12.

Delivering the Social Fund at London level: opportunities and risks
Kate Bell, Child Poverty Action Group, 2012
Important report providing an insight into current thinking following the devolution of key functions of the social fund  to local level in 2013. London Funders, in partnership with the Association of Charitable Oranisations and CPAG brought funders from across the capital to discuss ways of working together to support the poorest and most vulnerable people in London. More information here.

Destitution in the UK
Joseph Rowntree Foundation (April 2016)
This report defines destitution in the UK, looking at how many people are affected, who they are, and the main pathways in and out of destitution. It looks at the impact and experience of those people directly affected.

Distant Neighbours: Poverty and inequality in Islington
Joe Penny, Faiza Shaheen, Sarah Lyall, October 2013
This report identifies challenges as well as areas for action. Cripplegate Foundation's response, How We Will Respond, details what Cripplegate have taken from the research and their plan of action in response to the findings.

Does money affect children’s outcomes?
Kerris Cooper and Kitty Stewart (2013)
This Joseph Rowntree Foundation publication looks at how children in low-income households do less well than their better-off peers on many outcomes in life, such as education or health, simply because they are poorer.

Emergency Use Only: Understanding and reducing the use of food banks in the UK
Child Poverty Action Group (November 2014)

New research from the Child Poverty Action Group, Oxfam, Church of England and the Trussell Trust has found that failures in the social safety net itself are often the trigger for food bank referrals. The report finds that, while money is tight for many reasons, including bereavement, relationship breakdown, illness or job loss, issues such as sanctions, delays in benefits decisions or payments or being declared ‘fit for work’ led people to turn to food banks for support.

Ending child poverty by 2020: progress made and lessons learned 
Child Poverty Action Group, 2012
A range of leading academics assess the progress made over the period 1998–2010, identifying the drivers behind the changes observed, and reflect on what the future looks like for children in the UK today. Features contributions from: Kitty Stewart, Jonathan Bradshaw, Mark Tomlinson, Robert Walker, Anne Power and more.

The EU referendum and UK poverty
Joseph Rowntree Foundation (May 2016)
A briefing on how the outcome of the EU referendum could affect people in poverty.

Exit closed? Assessing the policy landscape for services seeking to support women to exit prostitution
Commonweal Housing (March 2016)
The report investigates developments in policy and practice affecting services that support women to leave prostitution behind them.

A fairer London: the 2011 living wage in London
GLA Economics, 2011
The seventh annual report on the living wage which shows there are now over 3,000 employees working for companies with contracts from the GLA Group benefitting from the London Living Wage and 12 major employers are newly signed up to paying it. The broader context, however, is that one in six of the capital's workers are still paid less than the new LLW rate.

Fuel-poor households
Association for the Conservation of Energy, 2012
A report showing that funding designed to support fuel poor households is being cut by nearly a third, with potentially serious implications for fuel poor households.

The Greatest Divide
The Fabian Society (December 2015)
The report examines the prospects for economic equality in Britain and finds that inequality is set to soar. Key findings include:

·         The overall number of people in poverty is projected to rise by 3.6 million over the next 15 years.

·         In the wake of policies announced by the government since May, the annual income of a family 10% from the bottom of the income distribution is projected to be just £90 (1%) higher in 2030 than today, after inflation.

 

Hitting The Poorest Places Hardest : The local and regional impact of welfare reform
Christina Beatty and Steve Fothergill (April 2013)

This report from  the Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research and Sheffield Hallam University looks at the impact of welfare reform,  with figures covering the number of households affected and the total financial loss to each local area.

Homeowners and Poverty: A Literature Review
Joseph Rowntree Foundation, July 2016

The Joseph Rowntree Foundation commissioned this paper to inform a research project examining homeownership and poverty. The overall aims of this research project are to consider the circumstances of low-income homeowners and the impacts of various issues on new and existing low-income homeowners in the near future. Cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis will be undertaken using the British Household Panel Survey/ Understanding Society data sets, supplemented with a suite of stakeholder interviews. This literature review will contribute to the analysis.

Households Below A Minimum Income Standard: 2008/9 To 2011/12
Matt Padley and Donald Hirsch, January 2014
New research published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF) shows the number of households living on incomes below the level needed to afford an adequate standard of living has increased by a fifth (900,000) in three years.

Housing and neighbourhoods monitor: fragility and recovery
Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2011
The recession has had wide-ranging effects on housing market performance and socio-economic conditions within neighbourhoods. This study looks at these pressures and how they manifest themselves from national to neighbourhood level, highlighting the fragile and uneven recovery from the recession. It shows how national policies, such as fiscal incentives, have very different effects locally because of the institutional, economic and tenure structure of local housing markets.

Hungry for change
Esmee Fairbairn Foundation (October 2015)
The final report of the year long Fabian Commission on Food and Poverty, which Esmée Fairbairn Foundation helped fund, sets out how a fairer food system can be built that works better for people on low incomes.

Income deprivation affecting children and older people 
GLA Intelligence Unit, 2012
To supplement the published government data from the Indices of Deprivation 2010, GLA Intelligence has produced further measures at ward and borough level for London.  Northumberland Park ward in Haringey and Stonebridge ward in Brent are the only two wards in London that appear in the most deprived ten London wards on every summary measure of the IMD. Overall, Tower Hamlets has the highest proportions of both children and older people in income deprivation, while Westminster includes the wards with both the highest and lowest proportion of children in income deprivation.
For further information, email intelligence@london.gov.uk

Interim evaluation of the national illegal money lending project
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, 2011
Findings and evidence from a review of the effectiveness of the illegal money lending national project that started in 2007. The project set out to address “the illegal money lending which is common in deprived estates and which entrenches poverty and disadvantage, hollowing out the finances of victims and deeply compromising quality of life. The law had previously not been enforced for decades and lenders were able to act with impunity.” There are many positive lessons to be learned from the project.

Invisible Islington: living in poverty in inner London
Rocket Science UK, for Cripplegate Foundation, 2009
To understand the factors that have contributed to the economic gulf between the very wealthy and the very poor residents of Islington, 29 local residents were interviewed about the effects that poverty has on their lives. Ill health, debt, isolation and lack of opportunity have entrenched the situation. Local policy-makers and those involved in tackling the inequalities were also interviewed in order to re-think the actions needed to tackle it.

Lives on the line
Life Expectancy at Birth and Child Poverty as a Tube Map
The Guardian, 2012
Useful resource demonstrating the extremities of life expectancy figures across London and its correlation to child poverty.

Local authorities and child poverty
Child Poverty Action Group, 2013
A UK-wide summary of the current programme of welfare reform and its impact on household budgets, including a tabulated list of each reform with its implementation date and the client groups affected, examples of ways in which local authorities are managing the reforms at local level, and of borough-wide strategic development, concluding with recommendations from local to central government. 

London’s Poverty Profile
New Policy Institute for Trust for London, 2011
Updated website, compiled by , this reports starkly on poverty in London: rising in-work poverty, the highest unemployment levels for young Londoners for 20 years, and the contribution of housing costs to levels of poverty described as “uniquely appalling”. The website offers summaries, a full report, more detailed statistics, and case studies. 

London’s Poverty Profile 2015
Trust for London (October 2015)
Nearly 30% of Londoners live in poverty after housing costs are taken into account, compared with 20% in the rest of England. Almost 700,000 jobs in London (18%) pay below the London Living Wage. The report looks at unemployment, homelessness and other issues. It found that 48,000 households live in temporary accommodation in London (three times higher than the rest of England put together).

London’s Poverty Profile
Hannah Aldridge, Sabrina Bushe, Peter Kenway, Tom MacInnes, Adam Tinson, (2013)
This New Policy Institute and Trust for London report is an independent study of the extent and depth of poverty and inequality in London. A London Funders event on 4th December will have speakers and discussions based on this report and topic.

Low-income neighbourhoods in Britain
Elaine Batty, Ian Cole and Stephen Green, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2011
The principles and assumptions behind coalition government policies concerned with place, poverty and welfare, and how they connect with the perceptions of residents. Covers community cohesion and division and the Big Society; 'making work pay' and reducing dependency by improving opportunities to enter the labour market; encouraging localism and developing neighbourhood planning; and achieving community regeneration through economic growth.

Making the links: poverty, ethnicity and social networks
Angus McCabe et al, (2013)
This research is part of JRF’s focus on the links between poverty and ethnicity. It examines how social networks help or hinder people in moving out of poverty and looks at whether this varies within and between different ethnic groups living in urban and rural England.

Making the Living Wage: The Resolution Foundation review of the Living Wage
Resolution Foundation, July 2016

The recommendations outlined in this review aim to further strengthen the Living Wage campaign. They set out an improved Living Wage methodology to underpin the campaign as it moves into the next stage of its development while being more firmly grounded in the cost of living.

Making every contact count: a joint approach to preventing homelessness
Department for Communities and Local Government, 2012
DCLG recommendations to local authorities to manage services in a way that prevents families and single people from reaching a crisis point where they are faced with homelessness. Intended to give councils, charities, health services and the police a blueprint to work together. 

Memo for the new Mayor of London: four things to reduce poverty
Joseph Rowntree Foundation (May 2016)
A blog exploring what the new Mayor should focus on in his first 100 days.

A Minimum Income Standard for the UK in 2016
Joseph Rowntree Foundation, July 2016

This is the 2016 update of the Minimum Income Standard for the United Kingdom, based on what members of the public think people need for an acceptable minimum standard of living.

This report shows:

·         what incomes different family types require in 2016 in order to meet the minimum standard; and

·         influences on the ability of families to meet the standard.

Monitoring poverty and social exclusion 2011
Hannah Aldridge, Anushree Parekh, Tom MacInnes and Peter Kenway. Joseph Rowntree Foundation and the New Policy Institute, 2011
Annual report on the state of poverty and social exclusion in the UK, built around a set of 50 indicators and using official government data. The analysis looks at low income, worklessness and debt, ill-health, poor education and problems in communities, among other issues.

Monitoring Poverty And Social Exclusion 2013
Tom MacInnes, Hannah Aldridge, Sabrina Bushe, Peter Kenway and Adam Tinson (December 2013)
This annual report by the New Policy Institute for JRF gives a comprehensive picture of poverty in the UK, featuring analysis of low income, unemployment, low pay, homelessness and ill health.

Monitoring poverty and social exclusion 2015
Joseph Rowntree Foundation (November 2015)
This is a regular, independent assessment of progress in tackling poverty and other types of disadvantage across the UK. The report, written by the New Policy Institute, uses official data from a range of sources to look at trends and patterns, allowing a better understanding of the contemporary nature of poverty and exclusion.

Navigating change: using new crime, health and financial structures to tackle multiple needs and exclusions: a briefing for voluntary organisations across homelessness, mental health, substance misuse and offending
Make Every Adult Matter Coalition (Clinks, DrugScope, Homeless Link and Mind), 2012
Short summary on new structures in policing and health and quick introduction to payment by results and social investment. For organisations supporting people with multiple needs, given the degree of change in the public sector agencies they need to relate to, and new forms of funding rapidly emerging, this is a useful crib-sheet, with links to more detailed briefings. 

Nowhere to turn? Changes to emergency support
The Children’s Society, 2013
Report on changes in the resources available for emergency needs of the poorest households, describing the beginnings of local welfare assistance schemes set up by local authorities.  

Older people, technology and community
Independent Age and Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation
The importance of helping older people engage with new technology to prevent isolation and loneliness, with suggestions for breaking down barriers and dispelling the myths that can surround IT by providing older people with the initial know-how to get online and to get support (three out of four over 65 year olds have never been online). Ideas include a new scheme, Learn to Help, to provide older people with one-to-one technology support and networking opportunities. 

Out of scope, out of mind: who really loses from legal aid reform
Citizens Advice Bureaux, 2012
The challenge to CAB as a result of changes in legal aid. 

Patterns of low pay 
Current issues Note 36, GLAEconomics, 2012
This report finds 16-20% of London's workforce earning less than London's Living Wage, currently £8.30 per hour. These are especially people with low level qualifications, ethnic minorities, young people, over 50s, women and part-timers. While Inner London boroughs show higher levels of deprivation and worklessness, Outer London boroughs have a higher proportion of low paid workers. Since the late 1990s, wage inequality in the UK has decreased slightly but increased significantly in London.

Persistent poverty in the UK and EU: 2014
Office for National Statistics (May 2016)
Nearly four million people were in persistent poverty in the UK during 2014. This is the third lowest rate in the EU. Between 2011 and 2014 almost a third of the UK population experienced poverty at least once.

Plugging the gap: the social care challenge
Dr Jonathan Carr-West, RSA, 2012
How demand for council social care services will outstrip available finance by 2015. This is a series of papers on how local services, citizens, networks and community assets can be better deployed to plug the gap of a shrinking state, while addressing longer term questions on the shape of services and citizens’ roles in delivering these.

The politics of disadvantage: New Labour, social exclusion and post-crash Britain
Clare McNeil with Jenny Pennington, IPPR, published by Lankelly Chase Foundation, 2012
A report which reflects on the political influences that shaped the social exclusion agenda, discerns their impact on policymaking and looks at how lessons might be learnt for political strategies to support the most disadvantaged in the future. 

Poverty among young people in the UK       
New Policy Institute (January 2015)
This report considers the level and trends in poverty among people aged 14 to 24 (referred to as ‘young people’). It uses official government statistics to show how poverty varies by a range of themes: demographics, living situation and work status. Of the 9 million young people aged 14 to 24 living in the UK, approximately 2.7 million, or 30%, are living in poverty. This includes 1.9 million young people with an income considerably below the poverty threshold (below 50% of median income). A further 740,000 young people had incomes just above the poverty threshold (above the 60% of median income but below 70%).

Poverty and the cost of living
Joseph Rowntree Foundation (November 2014)
A new report from the Joseph Rowntree Foundation looks at how the relationship between poverty and the cost of living differs between population groups. It also identifies the policy decisions made by government or public bodies that have a direct influence on the cost of some essential items.

Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London
Ruth Lupton, Polly Vizard, Amanda Fitzgerald, Alex Fenton, Ludovica Gambaro and Jack Cunliffe, July 2013
An expert seminar was held in July to discuss new research by LSE's Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion. The research is being funded by Trust for London and provides a comprehensive picture of which groups of Londoners won and lost during the boom and then the downturn. The seminar was attended by London policymakers and representatives from voluntary organisations. Find notes of the discussion here

The poverty site: UK statistics on poverty and social exclusion UK
New Policy Institute and Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2010
Comprehensive website, collating reports, using official government data, built around a set of 50 indicators. The analysis covers a wide range of issues, ranging from low income, worklessness and debt, to ill-health, poor education and problems in communities. This report focuses on the 18-month recession of 2008-9. The report is complemented by a  which provides updates to graphs, more analyses and links to other relevant sites.

Reducing poverty in the UK: a collection of evidence reviews
Joseph Rowntree Foundation (August 2014)
To help build the evidence for JRF’s anti-poverty strategy, JRF commissioned researchers to carry out reviews of existing policy and research on a wide range of social issues that are related to poverty. The 33 studies in this collection are the findings of those reviews.

Tax rates
Ripped-off Britons blog (2013)
Using the Office of National Statistics figures, this blog argues that when including indirect as well as direct taxes, the wealthiest fifth of Britain’s population pay a lower rate of tax than the poorest fifth.

The riots: what are the lessons from the JRF's work in communities?
Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2011
Responding to August 2011's riots across the UK, this analysis draws on learning to give a picture of life in poorer neighbourhoods, encapsulating JRF's research on social and economic conditions, community engagement, regeneration and partnership in poor neighbourhoods. 

Tackling the high cost credit problem: The importance of real-time regulatory databases
Centre for Responsible Credit, September 2013
This CfRC report calls on the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) to put in place US style responsible lending rules to end high cost lenders. It recommends a real time database where details of loabs are logged, sensible limits places and a cap on the total costs, charges and fees that lender can charge. It also details how people in financial difficulty could be provided with better support. 

Tackling homelessness and exclusion: understanding complex lives
Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2011
The prevalence of mental health issues, traumatic childhood experiences and suicide attempts amongst people accessing low-level homelessness support services.

Tackling poverty across all ethnicities in the UK
Joseph Rowntree Foundation (August 2014)
This publication summarises the main findings from research commissioned by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation into the links between poverty and ethnicity, suggesting how poverty may be tackled across all ethnicities in the UK.
Poverty and ethnicity are strongly related, with poverty higher among all ethnic minority groups than among white British people in the UK, but the links are complex and not well understood. Poverty varies according to many factors, including age, gender, disability and geography.
This round up draws together the key points in understanding the impact of ethnicity on poverty, and draws to a close JRF’s first phase of research into this subject.

Tracking Welfare Reform
London Councils, 2013
Figures show 4,600 London households in private sector temporary accommodation could be unable to pay their rent in full because of the benefit cap and this report details the impact of this on London’s local authorities and the subsequent threat on the funding of other services. This report, written by London Councils, calls for an urgent review of the cost of welfare reform for the city

Treading Water
Capitalise and Toynbee Hall, 2011
Report from the London Debt Strategy Group providing a summary of the Group’s work and a guide to further practical work to be done that could ensure better support for Londoners in urgent debt and some steps to help avoid debt. The Group formed around the work that produced Up to our neck in it, which brought to public attention the rate of increase in scale and complexity of debt in London and the challenges facing debt advice agencies – not only coping with bigger demand but doing so at a time when their funding was being restructured and limited and there was a shortage of trained and experienced debt advisers in London. 

Universal Credit: what you need to know
CPAG, 2012 (The link above is to an order form for the publication, which costs £10)
Universal credit will be a complete change to the system of government financial support for people of working age. The new system is still being designed but much is already known about how it is expected to work. This new guide includes what is currently known about universal credit, with CPAG commentary and analysis. 

We can work it out
CPAG, 2012
How improving rates of parental employment in London should have an impact on London’s high child poverty rates. This report shows that many more parents in London have moved into work in recent years, and offers policy options for central, regional and local government to improve this further. 

What is the role of philanthropy in reducing poverty in the UK today?
Joseph Rowntree Foundation (June 2016)

After ten years in post as Chief Executive of the Joseph Rowntree Foundation and Joseph Rowntree Housing Trust, Julia Unwin will set out her reflections on the contribution that funders can make to reducing poverty and the main challenges going forward.

A whole-system approach to offender management- IPPR, December 2016

IPPR is arguing for a new ‘whole-system’ approach to offender management, with powers, resources, and decisions being transferred to a local level.

The system for offender management in England and Wales is in need of serious reform. In their current configuration, offender management services – that is, prisons and probation – are overly centralised, complex, and disjointed.

Download here

Why do neighbourhoods stay poor?
Centre for Housing and Planning Research, Cambridge University, 2010
A major two-year study of neighbourhood deprivation in Birmingham for the Barrow Cadbury Trust looks at why, despite long periods of national economic growth and major local regeneration programmes, there are still severe concentrations of poverty and deprivation in neighbourhoods across Birmingham.

Why Fight Poverty?
Julia Unwin (November 2013)
The London Publishing Partnership has published a new book written by JRF’s Chief Executive Julia Unwin. Why Fight Poverty? was launched at Bristol’s Festival of Economics on Saturday 23 November.  The book, part of a series edited by economist Diane Coyle, argues for the urgent need to tackle poverty in the UK. Julia rejects any notion that poverty is inevitable and describes how the current discourse has reached a political stalemate, descending into an unhelpful argument about structural overhaul on the political left to the role of individual agency on the political right. Julia emphasises the large part emotions and public attitudes play in being a barrier to reducing poverty. The failure to rise to the challenge of solving poverty matters because, in Julia’s opinion, it is costly, wasteful and risky for individuals as well as for us as a society as a whole.

Work in progress: Low pay and progression in London and the UK
Tony Wilson , Laura Gardiner, Kris Krasnowski, 2013
This report, commissioned by Trust for London from the Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion looks at analysis on low pay and progression at work, finding that around one third of low-paid workers see their wagers increase by less than the national average.

100 questions about poverty
Joseph Rowntree Foundation and partners, 2013
JRF and its partners have identified 100 important research questions that, if answered, would help to reduce or prevent poverty in the UK.